The dracaena bonsai tree (dracaena marginata) is originally native to Madagascar and is commonly referred to as the Madagascar dragon tree.
This is a great choice for anyone who is a beginner to bonsai and that is why I have created this dracaena bonsai tree for sale article with a helpful care guide so you can decide if this bonsai is suitable for your circumstances and then to give you the best chance of growing it successfully.
They call it the dragon tree because its leaves have stunning red or purple stripes (just think dragons and red fire) that run along the edge of its leaves which gives this bonsai a unique appearance.
This is a broadleaf evergreen tree so it will keep its leaves all year long and that means it won’t end up looking like a twig in a pot over the winter months.
This is an ideal bonsai to grow as an indoor houseplant because it doesn’t require any special care or attention and it can do just fine in standard lighting conditions which means it doesn’t need any led lights or any sort of special setup.
Reasons you should buy a dracaena bonsai tree:
- Makes a great choice for beginners to bonsai
- The red or purple edges give it a very unique look
- Does not need any special care or attention for success
- Its evergreen so won’t lose its leaves during the cooler winter months
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Table Of Contents
- 1 Light Requirements
- 2 Watering
- 3 Temperature Requirements
- 3.1 Does a dracaena bonsai tree like humid conditions?
- 3.2 What is the best temperature for a dracaena bonsai tree?
- 3.3 Fertilizing
- 3.4 Will you need to fertilize your dracaena bonsai tree?
- 3.5 How often to fertilize a dracaena bonsai tree?
- 4 Pruning
- 5 Repotting
This bonsai will do well in low light conditions and that’s part of the reason it makes such a great indoor bonsai…
What type of light is best for a dracaena bonsai tree?
This is a bonsai that does great as an indoor houseplant because it would rather be in a brightly lit room than sitting in harsh direct sunlight all day.
Keeping it in a room that is bright but doesn’t get direct sunlight shining on it will help keep this bonsai small and slow its growth which will make it even more manageable and great for beginners to bonsai.
If you only have a space for this bonsai that giants direct sunlight then you could give it a try and if the leaves suffer from leaf burn you know it’s time to find it a space somewhere with less exposure to direct sunlight.
How much sunlight does a dracaena bonsai tree need?
This bonsai doesn’t need excessive amounts of light to keep it growing healthy and this is of the reasons it is such a popular indoor bonsai houseplant.
As long as you get the dracaena bonsai 4 – 6 hours of sunlight per day it will grow healthy and strong.
The more indirect sunlight you can get it the better and this bonsai would have no problem living in a room that gets brightly lit by sunlight all day just as long as the sunlight is not shining directly on the plant all day.
There are 2 simple ways to tell if you are getting the dracaena bonsai too much or not enough sunlight and they are:
- Too much sunlight – your bonsai will suffer from leaf burn and leaves will turn yellow or brown.
- Not enough sunlight – the red or purple stripe around the edge of its leaves will start to fade.
If you want to use lighting to provide additional light you should check out my article on cheap led grow lights that actually work.
Trees need water but if you get the amount wrong with this bonsai you won’t have a dracaena bonsai tree for very long…
How to tell if your dracaena bonsai tree needs watered?
There are some simple signs you should keep your eye on to judge whether your dracaena bonsai tree needs to be watered.
When the surface soil appears to be completely dry you should probably investigate and check if your bonsai needs to be watered.
Stick your finger in the soil and if it is completely dry ⅓ of the depth of the pot it is time to give your dracaena bonsai a drink of water.
Signs you should look out for that would suggest you are getting your watering schedule completely wrong are:
- Underwatering – leaves become shriveled up, yellow, and fall off
- Overwatering – the leaves start to droop and become yellow at the tips
How often will a dracaena bonsai tree need watering?
The dracaena bonsai tree really doesn’t like its soil to be constantly soaking so it’s important if you are not sure if it needs to be watered you should always err on the side of caution and let it dry out a bit more until you are sure it’s time to water it.
When it is time to water it you should always give it a good drink of water.
You should pour the water on the soil and keep on pouring until the water starts to drip out the holes in the bottom and only when that happens have you given it enough to drink.
If you live somewhere that adds fluoride to tap water you should pour the water into a container and let it sit overnight before you give it to your bonsai tree, if brown leaf or parts of your bonsai start dying this is a sign of fluoride toxicity.
When it comes to temperature the dracaena bonsai is a hardy tree but to make it thrive you should provide ideal conditions…
Does a dracaena bonsai tree like humid conditions?
The dracaena bonsai tree will do just fine in the average humidity levels of most households but if you want to provide more humidity it will appreciate it.
You should definitely consider providing additional humidity during the cooler winter months when most homes will have central heating systems turned on because these heating systems dry the air.
There are 2 simple methods you can use to provide additional humidity all year or only during the winter and these are:
Use a humidity tray
A humidity tray should have a layer of pebbles on the bottom then water should be poured into the tray allowing you to sit your bonsai pot on the pebbles without the pot ever touching the water.
When the water evaporates it will provide additional humidity for your bonsai.
Mist your bonsai
To mist your bonsai you should use a simple spray bottle to mist the leaves of your bonsai tree and when the water evaporates it will provide additional humidity.
You should always make sure the leaves have become completely dry in between misting otherwise it could lead to mold or fungus problems.
What is the best temperature for a dracaena bonsai tree?
The dracaena bonsai tree is a hardy tree when it comes to temperature, it is tolerant of a wide range of temperatures and this is what makes it a great choice for beginners to indoor bonsai growing.
As long as you keep your home between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit the dracaena bonsai tree will grow just fine.
If the temperature ever gets below 60 degrees Fahrenheit it could cause damage to your bonsai so you should take action to prevent this from happening.
Try and keep this bonsai at a consistent temperature so you should avoid putting it in a position that it will receive drafts from cold windows or cooling vents.
You will need to use fertilizer on your bonsai tree there is no other option to keep it healthy long term…
Will you need to fertilize your dracaena bonsai tree?
Bonsai is grown in a small pot or container and this will cause your bonsai tree to quickly deplete the soil of all the nutrients it needs to survive.
The only option to provide your bonsai with the nutrients it needs to thrive long term is to use fertilizer on it.
It really doesn’t matter which type of fertilizer product you use but the important thing is to use fertilizer so the soil becomes replenished with the nutrients your bonsai needs to grow strong and healthy.
If you do not use fertilizer on your bonsai tree you will not have a bonsai tree for very long.
How often to fertilize a dracaena bonsai tree?
How often you fertilize your bonsai tree really depends on the type of fertilizer you decide to use and whether that is a true organic fertilizer or a chemical fertilizer or a liquid fertilizer or some form of solid fertilizer.
There are 2 types of fertilizers I use for my bonsai and these are the types of fertilizers I would recommend:
Liquid fertilizer is the most popular type of fertilizer for indoor bonsai trees.
Whenever you use liquid fertilizer you should always mix it at half the recommended strength because if you mix it too strongly you may burn the roots of your bonsai and it may not recover so it’s best to be cautious when mixing it.
You can use a specialist bonsai fertilizer or any general-purpose fertilizer will do.
You should apply liquid fertilizer to your dracaena bonsai tree every 2 weeks during the growing season then completely stop using fertilizer during the dormant winter months.
Slow-release fertilizer pellets
Slow-release fertilizer pellets are my favorite type of fertilizer because they take the guesswork out of the equation.
Simply sprinkle some pellets on the top of the soil then every time you water your bonsai some of the pellets will be slowly dissolved and absorbed into the soil.
When you can see there are no fertilizer pellets on the surface of the soil it’s time to sprinkle some more
You should sprinkle fertilizer pellets on the soil of your dracaena bonsai during the summer months when you notice there are no pellets left.
During the winter months, you should stop adding fertilizer until the springtime.
If you want more information you should check out my full article on the best bonsai fertilizer products.
Pruning your bonsai tree is how you create your own personal bonsai vision while keeping your tree healthy and thriving…
How to prune the dracaena bonsai tree?
This is one bonsai tree that you don’t actually have to prune and you can just let it grow naturally if that’s what you want to do.
On the other hand, if you want to keep it small and bonsai pruning is essential.
This is a bonsai tree you can prune throughout the year although out of habit I still do a major pruning during the springtime.
If your dracaena bonsai tree has grown too tall and you want to reduce the height of it you can simply cut the top off and it will quickly recover and new shoots will rapidly start to grow.
When you are pruning you should definitely remove any suckers that have started to grow from the base as you want the tree to use its energy growing the main trunk and leaves and not these small suckers that are basically young trees.
If your bonsai has grown larger this would be the time to sort out the braids so you should remove and replace any tie wraps that are now digging into the trunk and add new tie wraps that are required to continue the braiding further up the trunk.
When you re-pot a bonsai you don’t actually have to put it in another pot it’s more about freshening up the roots…
Will you need to re-pot a dracaena bonsai tree?
You will have to periodically re-pot your dracaena bonsai tree but not very often.
Use your own judgment of when this bonsai needs to be repotted, you can tell its time because its roots will start pushing the base of the tree above the rim of the pot.
You will have to repot this dracaena bonsai tree every 2 – 5 years, I know that is a wide range but it depends on the climate you grow this bonsai in and it also depends on the watering and fertilizing routine you have followed.
This bonsai actually does quite like to be root bound and will do well so don’t be in a rush to re-pot this amazing little tree.
How to re-pot a dracaena bonsai tree?
Repotting a bonsai tree is actually quite simple and you don’t actually have to put it in a larger pot (you can if you want to) these are the steps I follow when repotting bonsai:
- Run a sharp knife around the inside of the pot and this should loosen any roots that have become attached.
- Turn the tree upside down and shake and jiggle it until the bonsai can be safely removed from the pot.
- Remove as much soil as you can from its roots so that ideally you are left with only the bonsai and its root ball.
- Scrape and pull at the roots so that about 25% of them become loose and are sticking out the way,
Cut off the 25% of roots that you have managed to loosen.
- Put some soil in the base of the pot and judge it so the base of the tree will still be around 1 inch below the top of the pot.
- Fill the pot up with some top quality bonsai soil and gently push it down without completely compressing it.
- Give your bonsai a good drink of water to help it get settled.
I hope you have found some helpful information in this dracaena bonsai tree for sale article with a care guide to help you decide if this is the correct bonsai for you and give you every chance of successfully growing it
Please have a browse of some more of my useful articles.