The Norfolk island pine tree (Araucaria Heterophila) is sometimes referred to as a star pine tree.
Pine trees are one of the best trees for bonsai and that’s why I have made this Norfolk island pine tree bonsai for sale article because it is such a great choice for both beginners and expert bonsai hobbyists.
It is originally native to Norfolk Island which is a small island in the south pacific ocean that lies between New Zealand, Australia, and New Caledonia, when grown in the wild this tree can grow into a 200 feet monster!
Luckily you can keep it small and bonsai with the correct pruning routine.
This is an evergreen tree which makes it great for an ornamental piece that will look good all year and not only during the summer growing season.
The appearance of this little bonsai tree will be that it has light green foliage that will get darker as the tree gets older, it has wide spacing between its branches compared to other varieties of the pine tree.
Reasons you should buy a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai:
- An evergreen bonsai tree that will look great all year long
- Pine trees are one of the easiest bonsai to grow
- Great as a gift for a home, office, or student dorm
- Looks like a mini Christmas tree (Decorate it at Christmas time)
(There are affiliate links in this blog post, and if you click any of the affiliate links and buy the products, I’ll earn a commission. However, this will never affect the price you pay.)
Table Of Contents
- 1 Light Requirements
- 2 Watering
- 3 Temperature Requirements
- 4 Fertilizing
- 5 Pruning
- 6 Repotting
If you have a bright room with direct or indirect sunlight you will be able to grow a norfolk island pine tree bonsai…
How much sunlight does a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai need?
A norfolk island pine tree bonsai is a great choice for an indoor bonsai houseplant because it doesn’t need an excessive amount of direct light to grow healthy and strong.
If you can get this bonsai 2 – 3 hours of direct sunlight each day it will survive and you should be able to manage this by positioning it on a windowsill.
If you can get it 6 – 8 hours of bright light you will be able to make this bonsai thrive.
Just remember the more sunlight you manage to get your bonsai will likely mean you have to give it more water so you should keep an eye on moisture levels.
What type of light is best for Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
When it comes to the best type of light for a Norfolk island pine bonsai tree it is a pretty versatile tree, like all trees the more light you can get it the faster and the stronger it will grow.
During the summer months, you may have to give it some protection from baking direct sunlight because in the hottest temperatures it will do best in partial shade.
If you think you will struggle to get your bonsai enough light you could always read my article on cheap led grow lights that actually work.
This bonsai tree doesn’t like to be constantly wet and it doesn’t like to dry out completely so it’s all about balance…
How often will a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai need watering?
How often you will have to water your Norfolk island pine tree depends mostly on your local climate, where you position your bonsai, and what temperature you keep your house.
You should let the soil become almost completely dry but make sure it doesn’t actually become completely dry before you water this bonsai tree.
You should stick your finger in the soil to check if the soil is nearly dry to decide if it’s time to give it some water.
During the summer months, you may have to water your norfolk island pine tree every day then possibly only every 2 weeks during the cooler winter months.
How much water will a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai need?
When it is time to give this bonsai some water you should give it a healthy amount of water.
The best thing to do is put it in your sink and use a watering can or container and pour in the water until it starts to drip out the holes in the bottom of your pot.
Only when water is dripping out the bottom can you be assured you have fed it enough water.
It’s always a good idea to fill your container or watering can an hour or two before you feed your plants to allow the temperature to rise to room temperature as this will help you avoid putting your bonsai into a state of shock!
The norfolk island pine tree bonsai is native to an island where the temperature does not vary much from 70 degrees Fahrenheit…
Does a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai like humid conditions?
I wouldn’t recommend misting your Norfolk island pine tree as part of a daily routine unlike some other bonsai varieties but is a good idea to provide it with some humidity especially during the winter months when central heating can dry the air which is not ideal for any indoor plants.
The best way to provide your bonsai with humidity is to use a humidity tray, a humidity tray is a tray you fill with water and position under your bonsai but never let it touch the bottom of your bonsai pot, when the water evaporates it provides humidity to plants.
What is the maximum temperature for a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
Norfolk island in the south pacific has a pretty consistent temperature that does not vary very much throughout the year.
Therefore Norfolk islands 70-degree Fahrenheit temperature is perfect for this pine tree.
This tree is not very tolerant of extremely hot temperatures so if you are positioning it outside for the summer months it may be a good idea to position it somewhere that gets partial shade so that it’s not in hot direct sunlight all day.
What is the minimum temperature for a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
The norfolk island pine tree bonsai is not tolerant of frosty cold weather conditions because it has a small and weak root system.
If the ground becomes frozen it could freeze the shallow root system of this variety of pine tree and that could be the end of it.
To keep your norfolk island pine tree bonsai growing healthy you should never expose it to temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
If you want to grow a healthy bonsai that lasts for many years you will need to use a fertilizer…
Will you need to fertilize your Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
Because you grow bonsai in a small pot or container there really is no other option apart from using fertilizer products to provide it with the nutrients it needs to survive.
The healthy nutrients in the soil will be completely drained by your bonsai tree so it’s not a case of using fertilizer to encourage your tree to grow big and strong, it’s a case of using fertilizer to provide your bonsai with the nutrients it needs to survive.
If you do not use fertilizer on your bonsai tree you will not have a bonsai tree for very long.
You could use an organic fertilizer if that’s your thing but the important thing is to get your bonsai tree the nutrients it needs.
How often to fertilize a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
You will have to vary the frequency you apply fertilizer to your norfolk island pine tree bonsai depending on the season it is.
You should only use fertilizer during the spring and summer growing seasons and completely stop using fertilizer during the winter months.
The type of fertilizer you use will determine how often you need to apply it.
If you use a slow-release fertilizer on your bonsai you will need to apply this type of fertilizer every 6 – 8 weeks during the growing season.
If you use a liquid fertilizer you should read the instructions then only apply it at half the recommended strength otherwise you may damage the root system.
What is the best type of fertilizer to use for Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
The important thing is that you do use fertilizer on your Norfolk island pine bonsai tree during the growing season.
There are options for the type of fertilizer and it’s really your personal preference what you choose as the best option.
Liquid fertilizer is probably the most common type of fertilizer on the market and you could use a general-purpose fertilizer with the numbers 20-20-20.
I would always recommend you use a specialist bonsai fertilizer to see the best results and always apply it at half the strength the manufacturer recommends otherwise you may destroy the root system of your bonsai.
Slow-release fertilizer pellets
Slow-release fertilizer pellets are a great option for fertilizing plants that are grown in containers.
You simply sprinkle some on the surface of the soil then every time you water your bonsai a little bit will dissolve into the soil and feed your plants.
When you notice there are no fertilizer pellets on the surface it’s time to add some more.
Check out my full article on the best fertilizer products for bonsai.
You will have to prune your norfolk island pine tree to keep it small and in the shape of your bonsai vision…
How often will you have to prune Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
You should prune your Norfolk island bonsai tree at least once per year during the spring when it has started to grow.
You can also prune it throughout the year if there are any rogue branches growing in the wrong direction don’t be afraid to cut them off.
This is not the easiest tree to successfully prune so it may be a good idea to only trim a little bit off until you know what you are doing because if you get it wrong it may be the end of your bonsai or you may put it into shock and it could stop growing for a period of time.
How to trim and shape a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
You will have to take care when you are pruning your norfolk island pine tree bonsai when you are trimming it and shaping it but if you get it just right you will have an awesome bonsai tree.
It is best to trim your bonsai once during the spring or summer when it is in its growing phase.
You should trim off the branches when they are still light green because if you trim off the older woody branches you could cause damage to your tree.
You can use wire to train a Norfolk pine bonsai tree by using wire although it is difficult due to the bendy nature of the branches.
It’s a rapidly growing tree so if you use wire you should wrap it loosely and only leave it on for a maximum of 4 months then replace the wire if you still need to train the branches into the shape you require.
Evergreen bonsai trees will need re-potted less often than other varieties of bonsai but you will have to carry out this process to keep it healthy long term…
Will you need to re-pot a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
When you grow a Norfolk island pine tree bonsai you will have to re-pot it every 2 – 5 years. You should only re-pot it when it actually needs it and don’t do it on a strict schedule.
The easiest way to tell if your Norfolk island pine tree bonsai actually needs to be repotted is if the roots are starting to push the tree upwards so the base of the tree trunk is starting to rise out of its pot or container or if the roots are starting to force there way out the holes in the bottom of your pot.
How to re-pot a Norfolk Island Pine Tree Bonsai?
When it comes to repotting a Norfolk island pine tree bonsai it is not difficult and when you do it right the result will be that you have a thriving bonsai tree for many more years.
Follow these simple instructions on how to re-pot a norfolk island pine bonsai:
- Run a knife around the inside of your pot or container to loosen any roots that may have become attached to the inside rim of it.
- Turn your bonsai upside down and jiggle, shake, and twist it until the tree, roots, and soil come out of its pot or container.
- Shake and scrape the soil so that it falls away from your tree and you are left with only the tree and root ball with as little soil attached as possible.
- Scrape at the root ball with the aim of loosening 25% of them then take a sharp pair of scissors or cutting tool and cut off the 25% of roots you have loosened.
- You can either put your bonsai back in the same pot or move it to a new one that is only slightly bigger.
- Fill your pot up around the bonsai with high quality and well-draining bonsai soil.
- Give it a good drink of water to help it settle in its new home.
- Don’t use fertilizer for at least 4 weeks after you repot your bonsai.
- Your bonsai should now grow healthy and strong for a number of years.
I hope you have found some useful information in this Norfolk island pine bonsai tree for sale article with a care guide and it helps you become successful in your bonsai hobby.
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